There are several things
you should know.
Three Typical Types of Warranties
is a brief introduction:
Warranties are promises or guarantees
concerning the quality, acceptability, performance or otherwise worthiness of
a particular item, product, service or act. A warranty also guarantees that the
buyer can get action from the seller (or the seller's agent) in the event of a
There are three typical types of warranties when it comes to homes.
These are the:
apply to new construction. The implied warranty applies to new construction homes.
Law imposes this warranty. It states that the builder or seller be held accountable
even though the no written promises are included in the contract.
implied promises refer to the fact that consumers buying new homes should be able
to assume that the home is built in a "good and workmanlike manner" and that the
home will be "reasonably fit" for its intended purposes. That means that if the
roof caves in two months into the life of the home, the builder has to replace
it and repair the damage caused by the cave-in despite the fact that there was
no clause in your contract to that effect. Homes must be "livable" to be sold.
If the house becomes unlivable within the first year (normally), the builder is
The problem with this type of warranty, as
with all warranties, is interpretation. What defines "good workmanlike manner?"
Would "reasonably fit" mean the same thing to you as it does to the seller?
best thing to do in this case is to call the builder first. See if he is willing
to make the repairs. If not, seek legal counsel.
A little more to work with. Express warranties
are a little more stable. They are specifically written into the contract and
apply equally to new homes as well as older ones.
warranty is a promise or guarantee from the seller. It may be a statement to the
effect that "all mechanical and electrical systems are in good working order at
the time of closing." If you close on the house in the morning and have water
running down the walls that night, you can seek action against the seller.
express warranties should be written in clear language. Either the seller or the
buyer can add them. They can cover any time period you wish. You can say for two
years, five years or one year. That is up to the two parties involved. Obviously,
for the buyer, the longer time frame the better.
warranties can also cover items not normally covered under the implied warranties.
For example, they can cover the quality of the weather-stripping in the house.
They should always include a way to seek remedy for problems that occur.
remedy should include contact information, name, number, etc. It should also state
the terms in which repairs will be made.
These have legal authority...and outweigh all legal mumbo-jumbo!
Imposed warranties are those that are imposed by law. They cannot be negated even
with contract language. They are really more laws, regulations and restrictions
than warranties. They apply to the house itself.
warranties will vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. They are pulled from things
like local building codes.
Implied and imposed warranties
normally only apply to new construction. This is one reason it is extremely important
to search the title to make sure you really are the first owner of the home. Some
unscrupulous builders sell the home to a buyer who immediately sells it back to
the builder for resale. This prevents you from using any of the new construction
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